There is no direct link between the rate of HIV and cervical cancer to circumcision. Most of the researches done are based on dubious research. Most of the studies done are half cooked to drive their point’s home. Several reasons contribute to the increase in the rate of HIV and cervical cancer. If circumcision had been the deciding factor in reducing HIV and Cervical cancer rates, then countries with a 99% circumcision rate should zero or less than one new
infection.

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that grows on the cervix; all females are at risk of contracting cervical cancer, at a point in their life, mostly above thirty years. This cancer is caused by HPV (human papillomavirus).HPV is transferred from one person to another through sexual intercourse. More than three-quarters of sexually active people will contract HPV, but few women will get cervix cancer. This type of cancer is the fourth most common in women, In 2018 alone, all 600,000 were diagnosed with cervical cancer globally, and a whopping 400,000 lives were lost to this cancer.

HIV is a virus that attacks the white blood cells, making you weaker and vulnerable to other diseases and infections. This virus is transferred from one person to another when your fluids contact a positive person. IT mainly spreads by having unprotected sex with a positive person. There is no cure for HIV, and once you get it, you will have to live with it for life. Anyone can contract HIV, whether circumcised or not.38 million people worldwide have HIV, which translates to 0.7% of the world’s population.
 

To be precise, over 75% of the men worldwide are uncircumcised or have never heard about circumcision. So many countries do not subscribe to circumcision, including Russia, Belgium, China, Scandinavia, Slovakia, Austria, Switzerland, Holland, and Japan. The communities or states that circumcise their males do so for religious or purported health reasons. Africans, Muslims and Jews primarily practice circumcision. In most cases, the rate of circumcision is just a decoy to conceal many happenings. If you
compare the rates of HIV in Africa and other continents, you will be shocked. In almost all African communities, circumcision is still a rite of passage. They are hoodwinked that it helps combat HIV and AIDS.

This notion is sometimes not true. Coincidentally, the rates of HIV in Africa are the highest. To demystify the purported relationship between circumcision and HIV and cervical cancer, we will look at selected countries and their rates. We can take the case of Slovakia. According to research, less than 1% of the men in Slovakia have been undergone circumcision. Going by the statistics, there are 2.66 million men in this European country, which means that only approximately 266,000 men are circumcised. We expect that HIV and cervical cancer rates should be high, but that is not the case. The rate of HIV is relatively low at 0.1 % of the total population. The curve is steady with no sharp rise as expected in uncircumcised men. In 2018, cervical cancer resulted in 0.63%of the total deaths, a low figure compared to other countries.

It ranked number 117 in the world with a rate of 5.74. Also, in Argentina, the percentage of circumcised men is lower than 3%. With over 22 million men in the country, only a paltry 700,000 are circumcised. According to the research and conclusions, we expect HIV and cervical cancer rates to be high. However, statistics prove them wrong. According to World Health Organization, 0.5% of the men in Argentina have HIV while women are lower at 0.3%. This percentage is relatively low compared to other nations that undergo circumcision. The rate of cervical cancer is at a quiet end of between 190 cases in 100,000 Argentineans. The rate of circumcision in Argentina did not dictate the rate of HIV and cervical cancer.

In Australia, only 26% of the men are circumcised. With a population of 13 million men, only 1.2 million men are circumcised. Due to the control measures and technology used in Australia, only 1.3% of the women were diagnosed with cervical with 3451. The number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Australia is 29,045, representing less than 1% of the whole population. The curve is slowly flattening, with the infections going low. The same is experienced in cervical cancer rates: in 2021, it is projected that there will be less than 900 new cases of cervical cancer. Compared to 2017, where there were 7 cases in 100,000 females in Australia. The rate of circumcision does not in any way affect the rate of infection in Australia. In most African and Arabian countries, the rate of circumcision is always 90%: Afghanistan, Benin and Iran have 99% of their men circumcised. However, these high rates do not mean there are lower rates of HIV transmission and cervical cancer. According to the WHO, the number of people living with HIV and Aids in Benin is about
seventy two thousand, despite the considerable circumcision rate. Every year 783 women in Benin are diagnosed with cervical cancer: a higher risk than those in uncircumcised men. The same applies to Afghanistan and Iran. In 2017, 6000 people contracted HIV in Afghanistan, 70% being men. The rate of circumcision does not help them combat HIV and HPV.
The reports showed that there were much lower rates of penile cancer in circumcised men than uncircumcised men. But in most researches, the researchers did not speak on the damages of circumcision like phimosis and smegma. Interestingly, in the U.S, uncircumcised men have lower rates of penile cancer compared to their circumcised counterparts. Penile cancer boils down to personal hygiene rather than throwing out the circumcision card.
There are several ways to reduce the rates of HIV and cervical cancer, apart from circumcision.

Vaccination: Girls need to get the HPV vaccination. The immunisation has different schedules depending on your age, vaccine availability and many other factors. It is essential to check with your medical service provider to know the rates. However, there is no vaccine for HIV, and you have to live with it.
Abstinence: For teenagers, abstinence is recommended; you can avoid sex until your twenties or later years. Having sex earlier has proven to have many disadvantages. The chances of contracting HPV and HIV are higher.
Have protected sex: if it is necessary to have sex, it is essential to have protected sex. Male latex condoms are readily available and adequate to protect you and your partner from HIV and other STIs. However, some STIs can be entirely prevented by male latex condoms; as long as the penis comes in contact with the anus, mouth or vagina, you will contract STIs. There are also female condoms that help to prevent HPV and HIV.
However, birth control options like pills, implants, diaphragms, or birth control shots won’t protect you from HIV or HPV.
Go for a test: the safest way is to ensure that you and your partner have undergone an HIV test and other STIs. When you or your partner has STIs, it increases the chances of getting HIV. If you have an STI, consider undergoing an HIV test. You should have atleast three tests in a year. For HPV, there is no test to check on your HPV status. There are, however, HPV tests to check on cervical cancer. These tests are recommended for women above the age of thirty.
Be faithful; staying faithful to your partner reduces the risks of contracting HIV and other STIs. After being tested, remember to stick to your partner. The more you have sex with different partners, the higher your chances of contracting HPV and HIV.
Avoid douching: Douching is the process of cleaning the inside of your vagina with water or traditional herbs. It removes some of the normal bacteria that protect you from potential infections during sex. Doing away with the bacteria increases the chances of you contracting HPV or HIV.
Avoid smoking and alcohol: Abusing drugs can cause rowdy behaviours like having sex with no protection or sharing needles to inject drugs on themselves.
If you have unprotected sex, you should take PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) medicine within 72 hours of the intercourse or after sharing needles with your pals.

Conclusion

Circumcision does not affect the rate of HIV and cervical cancer.The initial intention for circumcision in most cases is seen as a rite of passage by the communities. Scientifically, circumcision increases the chances of the male developing penile cancer and disorders like phimosis and smegma. In the examples of countries stipulated above, you will notice that HIV and cervical cancer rates depend on the country’s policies and technology: it has nothing to do with circumcision. In fact, in the U.S, the circumcised are affected mainly through penile cancer compared to the uncircumcised. A decrease in the rate of Hiv and cervical cancer transmission is attributed to the awareness and diagnoses, not circumcision.